Mard Aur Aurat Ke Ahkaam Main Farq

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem

Laamazhab germuqallideen aur Ahnaaf kay darmiyaan bohot say masayeel may ikhtelaaf hay in masayeel may say 1 ye maslah bhi hay k Aurat aur Mard ki namaz may koi farq hay ya nahi ? Germuqallideen kehtay hain k koi farq nahi hay – laamazhab germuqallideen ka ye maslah Quran o Hadees say hergiz sabit nahi hay balkay Ijma’a e Ummat aur Ahaadees kay khilaaf mehaz Ibne Hazam Zahiri ki taqleed per bani hay.


Shariyat e Mutahara may baaz aehkaam Mard aur Aurat may mushtarik honay kay bawajood baaz tafseelaat may farq hota hay maslan:

01 = Hajj Mard aur Aurat donoon per farz hay mager Aurat kay liye zaadraah kay eilaawah mahram ki shart bhi hay ya khawind sath ho.

02 = Hajj say aehraam khol kar Mard sir mundwaatay hain mager Aurat sir nahi mundwaati.

03 = Hukum e Nikah Mard o Aurat donoon may mushtarik hay mager talaaq mard kay sath khaas hay is ka haq sirf Mard ko hay iddat Aurat kay sath khaas hay.

04 = 1 Mard ko 4 Aurtoon kay sath nikah ki ijaazat hay mager 1 Aurat ko 1 say zayid Mard say nikah ki ijaazat nahi.

Khud laamazhab germuqallideen bhi namaz kay bohot say masayeel may Mard aur Aurat kay darmiyaan farq kartay hain – maslan:

01 = In ki masaajid may Mard to imam aur khateeb hain lekin kisi masjid may Aurat na imam hay na khateeb.

02 = In ki masaajid may muaz’zan hamesha Mard hota hay Aurat ko kabhi muaz’zan nahi banatay.

03 = Namaz ba’jamat ki iqaamat hamesha Mard kehtay hain Aurat say iqaamat nahi kehalwatay.

04 = Hamesha agli safoon may Mard khardhay hotay hain , Aurtoon ko agli safoon may khardha nahi kartay.

05 = In kay aksar Mard nangay sir namaz pardhtay hain mager Aurtain namaz kay waqt Dupattah nahi autaar phenkteen.

عن عائشة رضی الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلی الله علیه وسلم لا تقبل صلوۃ الحائض الابخمار

[TIRMIZI PAGE 86 JILD 1 + ABU DAWOOD PAGE 94 JILD 1]

Hazrat Aayisha Razi Allahu Aunha farmati hain k Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam nay farmaya baaligha Aurat ki namaz aordhni kay bagair qabool nahi hoti.

06 = In kay Mardoon ki aksar kohniyaan aur nisf pindiliyaan namaz may nangi rehti hain lekin in ki Aurtain is tarah namaz nahi pardhti.

07 = Mard aur Aurat kay “Satar e Aurat” may bhi farq hay.

08 = Namaz e Jumma’h Mard per farz hay Aurat per farz nahi – isy tarah namaz e panchjegana ka ba’jamat adaa karna Mardoon per lazim hay na k Aurtoon per.

09 = Namaz may koi baat pesh aaye to Mard tasbeeh kahay aur Aurat hath say khatka karay

[TIRMIZi wagerah]

Zahir hay k in sub masayeel may sunnatoon balkay faraayiz tak kay muqablay may Aurat kay satar aur pardah ko khaas aehmiyat di gayi hay is liye Aayimma’h Arba’h nay ruku’o, sujood aur qaidah wagerah ki hai’yat may bhi Mard aur Aurat kay farq ko malhooz rakha hay aur is may asal illat isy satar poshi ko qaraar diya hay.

Aayimma’h Ahnaaf may say Sahib e Hidaya’h farmatay hain k Aurat hath kandhoon tak authaaye ye is kay liye ziyada satar ka bayis hay aur sijda’h ka maslah bayan kartay huwe farmatay hain k Aurat simat kar sijda’h karay ye is kay parda’h kay ziyada munasib hay.

Imam Shafayi Rehmahullah Kitab ul Aalaam {PAGE 511 JILD 1} may farmatay hain Aurat kay liye pasandeedah yahi hay k simat kar sijda’h karay kiyo kay ye ziyada bayis e satar hay aur saari namaz may satar ka aehtmaam karay.

Imam Nawavi Rehmahullah nay majmu’o may isy tarah Mazhab e Shafayi bayan kiya hay.

Malkiya’h may say Abu Zaid Qerwaani nay “Alrisaalah” may saraahat farmaayi hay k Ibne Ziyaad ki rivaayat jo saheeh hay yahi hay k Imam Malik Rehmahullah nay farmaya k Aurat simat kar sijda’h karay.

[BAHAWALAH NASB UL AMOOD PAGE 50]

Hanaabla’h ki mua’atibar kitab Mughni Ibne Qidama’h may bhi is farq ki saraahat moujood hay.

[QAALA AL IMAM AL KHARQI AL HANBALI REHMAHULLAH]

و الرجل و المرأۃ فی ذالك سواء الا ان المرأۃ تجمع نفسها فی الرکوع و السجود و تجلس متربعة او تسدل رجلیها فتجعلها فی جانب یمینها {قال الشارح ابن قدامة الحنبلی رحمه الله} الاصل ان یثبت فی حق المرأۃ من احکام الصلوۃ ما ثبت للرجال لان الخطاب یشملاه غیر انها خالفته فی ترك التجافی لانها عورۃ فاستجب لاه جمع نفسها لیکون استرلها فانه لا یومن ان یبدو منها شيء حال التجافی و ذلك فی الافتراش قال احمد والسدل اعجب الی و اختارہ الجلال

[AL MUGHNI LA BIN IBNE QIDAMA’H PAGE 562 JILD 1]

By: A Friend of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamat

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