Masla- Talaaq-e-Salaasa

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem

Surah Baqara me Allah Ta’la ka Irshad hai

الطَّلَاقُ مَرَّتَانِ فَإِمْسَاكٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ أَوْ تَسْرِيحٌ بِإِحْسَانٍ

“Talaq To Bus 2 Hi Baar Hai, Iske Baad Ya To Miya Biwi Ko Rujoo Karke Rok Liya Jaye Bhaley Tareekhe Se Ya Bhali Tarah Chord Diya Jaye”

 

Tamam Mustanad Mufassireen Ayat ka Shaan e Nuzool ye bayan karte hain  ke ISLAAM se pehle Ahle Arab me dastoor ye tha ke jitni baar chahe BIWI ko TALAAQ do aur Rujoo karlo.  TALAAQ ka koi Adad(count) aisa na tha jiske baad Rujoo na ho sake ALLAH ne Qanoon bayan farmaya ke Rujoo sirf 2 TALAQO tak hosakta hai.

Aage Ayat  no. 230 me farmate hain

فَإِنْ طَلَّقَهَا فَلَا تَحِلُّ لَهُ مِنْ بَعْدُ حَتَّى تَنْكِحَ زَوْجًا غَيْرَهُ

 Tarjuma:

“Do ke baad agar teesri bhi dedi to ab ye AURAT TALAQ dene par HALAAL ho hi nahi sakti jab takke kisi aur se NIKAAH na karle.”

 

Ayat me مَرَّتَانِ aya hai  مَرَّة (ek martaba ) aur  مَرَّتَانِ (do martaba) ka istemal ARAB me aise bhi mawaqai hota tha jab koi kaam alag kiya jaye aur aise mawaqai par bhi hota tha jab Auqaat ka farq na ho.

Ayye iski misaal hum Kalaam e Paak se dekh lete hain:

1.  Surah Qasas me Allah Ta’ala un logon ka tazkira farma rahe hain jo pichle Asmani kitabon par Iman laye the aur jab Quran un par pesh kiya gaya to is par bhi Iman le aye aise logon ke liye BASHARAT di gayi hai unhe Dohra (double) SAWAAB diya jayega.

 

Uske liye Alfaaz ye istemal farmaye gaye    

أُولَئِكَ يُؤْتَوْنَ أَجْرَهُمْ مَرَّتَيْنِ (Ayat 54)

2. Isi tarah Surah Ahzaab me farmaya gaya ke

” Aye Nabi ki Biwiyo! Agar tumne koi besharmi ka kaam kiya to tumhe Dohra Azaab diya jayega, aur agar Sharm o Hayaa ki Rawish ikhtyar ki aur bhale taur par zindagi guzari to Dohra Ajar diya jayega.”

 

Yahan Allah Ta’ala ne awwalan (pehle) ضِعْفَيْنِ ka lafz istemal farmaya yani Dugna(double) Azaab aur phir doosri baar مَرَّتَيْنِ ka isse bhi Muraad dugna ajar hai

( Surah Ahzaab Ayat 30,31).

Ye Ayat mutlaq bayan kar rahi hai ke Talaq 2 baar hai jab teesri baar dedoge (chahe ek sath do ya alag alag) uske baad Rujoo ka Haq nahi hoga illa ye ke “jab tak ke kisi aur se NIKAAH na karle (2:230)”

عن عامر الشعبي قال قلت لفاطمة بنت قيس حدثيني عن طلاقك قالت طلقني زوجي ثلاثا وهو خارج إلى اليمن فأجاز ذلك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

“Aamer Sha’bi Rah farmate hain ke Maine Fatima Bint e Qais Razi Allahu anha se Guzarish ki ke apni TALAQ ka Waqia mujh se bayan kijye.  Unhone jawab diya ke mere Shauhar ne Yemen jaate waqt mujhe 3 Talaqen di thi aur Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam ne unhe 3 hi Qarar diya tha.”

[Ibne Maja Baab: مَنْ طَلَّقَ ثَلَاثًا فِي مَجْلِسٍ وَاحِدٍ]

Is Se Pata Chala Ke Ek Majlis Ki 3 Talaaq 3 Hi Hua Karti Hai ek Nahi.

 

Mazeed Dalail Insha Allah Aage Hum Denge Filhaal Itna Hi. Aur is Masle Par Sahaba Razi Allahu Anhu Ke Zamane Me Ijma Ho Chuka Tha Jaisa Ke Hafiz Ibne Hajar Asqalani rah ne Fathul Baari Sharah Bukhari me wazeh farma diya Woh likhte hain:

“Teen Ikatthi TALAQON  ke Waqai hone par Hazrat Umar Razi Allahu anhu ke Daur e Khilafat me IJMA munaqid hai aur kisi ko Yaad nahi ke unke Zamane me kisi Farde Wahid ne bhi kisi ki Mukhalifat ki ho.”

Chand line ke baad likhte hain:

“Pas is  IJMA ke baad iski  MUKHALIFAT karne wala IJMA se munharif  hai aur JAMHOOR E UMMAT kisi Masle par pura Ittefaq Waqai hojane kebaad un logon ka Qat’an aetebar nahi karte jo ab isme IKHTELAF karen.” [FATHUL BARI JILD 10 SAFHA 299]

Isme hame kuch likhne ki zaroorat nahi thi magar Hamare Musalman bhai Ghair Muqallideen ke Daam e Fareb me aakar 3 ko 3 nahi 1 samajhne lagey hain.

Allah Ta’ala hum sab koHaraam kaamo se bachaye aur Shariat par Amal karne ki taufeeq ata farmaye.

~ Farhan Bajrai Shafa’ii

 

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