Shab-e-Baraat: Ek Mukhtasar Aadelana wa Tehqeeqi Jaiza

Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

15 Shab’aan jo aw’aam ke nazdeek Shab-e-Baraat  ke Naam se Maroof wa Mash’oor hai. B’aaz Jahil Kism ke Ghairmuqallideen apne Jahalat ko apne Aql per Ghalib karke sire se is Raat ki Fazilat ka inkar dete hai aur Is silsile ki sari Ahadees ko apne Aqal ki tar’ha Za’eef aur Mauz’oo karar dete hai. Allah ki Panah!. Isi silsile se ek mukhtasar wa jame kuch baat’ien arz karne ka irada hai.

Bar’aat ke laghwi maine “Bari” hone ke hain. Is raat me Gunahgaaro ki Maghfirat aur Mujrimo ki Bar’aat hoti hai islye is ko Shab-e-Ba’raat kehte hai. Ye SHABAN ki 15th raat hai yani 14th Shaban ki Shaam se Shuru hoti hai.

SHAB-E-BARAAT MAIN MUSHRIK WA KEENA RAKHNE WALON KI MAGHFIRAT NAHI HOGI

عن أبي موسى الأشعري عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إن الله ليطلع في ليلة النصف من شعبان فيغفر لجميع خلقه إلا لمشرك أو مشاحن

Tarjuma: Hazrat Abu Moosa Ash’ari (Razi Allahu anhu) se riwayat hai ke Allah ke Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam ne farmaya:

“Allah Ta’ala Nisf Shaban ki Raat ko Mutawajjeh hote hai aur har ek ki MAGHFIRAT Farmate hain siwaye aise Shaqs ke jo MUSHRIK ho ya jiske DIL me KEENA (Bugz) ho.” [Ibne Majah]

Ghair Muqallideen Ke Ek Bade Muhaddis Jin Ki Tehqeeq per Ghair Muqallideen Ko Naaz Hai Yani Sheikh Nasiruddin Albani ne ise Hasan Kaha aur Sahih bhi Kaha. [Sahih Ibne Maja Safha 414]

Scan Page:

Shab-E-Baraat Main Mushrik Wa Keena Rakhne Walon Ki Maghfirat Nahi Hogi. Baki Samajhdaar ke liye Ish’ara kafi hai!

Shir’k Wa Bughz Itna Ba’da Gunha hai Ke Aise Logo’n Ki Maghfirat Aise Azeem Rato’n mai Bhi Nahi Hoti.

Jo log Hadees per Amal ke Mud’dai’i hai, Unko to isme aur Zyda Haq-parasti aur Hadees se Dilchaspi ka Muz’ahera karte hue Isko Qub’ool karna chaiye. Na’ke Munkireen-e-Hadees ka Rawai’ya Ikhtiyar karna chaiye.

Mazeed Dekhye:

Albani Sahab Sanad ke Mua’mle main bade shakt hai lekin iske bawajood unhone Shab-e-Baraat  ke silsile se  kayi Ahadees ko Sahih aur Hasan kaha hai.

1. Silsilah Al-Ahadith Al-Sahihah p.135/3, Raqam # 1144

2. Kitabus Sunnah p.222, Raqam # 509

3. Kitabus Sunnah p.223, Raqam # 510

4. Kitabus Sunnah p.224, Raqam # 511

5. Kitabus Sunnah p.224, Raqam # 512

Sheikh Albani ki  Shahadat Tabqa (Naam Nihaad) Ahle Hadees ke Liye Hujjat hai, Isiliye humne Inki Teqeeq ka hawala diya. Iske baad kisi ki Inkar ka majal na hona chaiye, Il’la ke dalail ki Roshni main koi iska Ghalat hona Sabit Karde.

15 SHABAN YANI SHAB-E-BARAAT KI FAZEELAT SABIT HAI

Ghair Muqallideen Ke ek aur bade Muhaddis  Allama Abdur Rahman Mubarakpuri Sahab ne Tohfatul Ahwazi mai  15 Shabaan  ke faza’el ki Ahadees zikr kia aur unme

1. Hazrat Ayesha (Radiallahu Anha )

2. Muaz Bin Jabal (Radiallahu Anhu )

3. Abdullah Bin Umer  (Radiallahu Anhu)

4. Kaseer bin Murra  (Radiallahu Anhu)

5. Hazrat Ali (Radiallahu Anhu)

ki Ahaadees ko jama kiya mukhtalif hadees ki kitabon se phir Aakhir me  Apna Faisla sunaya ke

“To Ye Ahaadees Majmooi taur par HUJJAT hain Un logo ke KHILAAF jo ye dawa karte hain ke koi baat 15 Shaban ki fazeelat me Saabit nahi, Wallahu Ta’ala Alam.” [Tohfatul Ahwazi P.441-442/3]

Scan Page: 

Shab-E-Bar'aat  Ke Mutalliq Ahaadees Majmooi taur par HUJJAT

Ahaadees Majmooi taur par HUJJAT hai Unlogo’n Ke Khilaaf Jo Is Raat Ki Fazeelat Ka inkar Karte hai.

Ghaur farmaya jaye ke Allama Abdur Rahman Mubarakpuri Sahab kis Qadr wajahat farmate hai ke jolog ye Guman kar baithe hai ke Shab-e-Baraat ki Fazilat sabit nahi, unper ye Ahadees Hujjat hai, agar fir bhi unko koi na-ma’ane to kya Ilaj hai?

YE RAAT DEGAR AUR RATO’N KI TARHA NAHI

Ghairmuqallid Muahqqiq Obaidullah Mubarakpuri Sahab Mishkaat ki Sharah mai Shabaan ki darmiyani Shab (Shab-e-Baraat) ki Fazilaat ke silsile se warid Ahadees ka zikr karne ke baad likhte hai:

“Ye Saari Hadees’en  Shabaan ki Darmiyaani Shab ki Azmat aur uski Shaan-e-Jalalat per Dalalat karti hai aur usper bhi ke ye Raat DEGAR AUR RATO’N KI TARHA NAHI hai. Lihaza Isse ghaflat baratna Munasib Nahi, balke Ibadat aur Dua aur Zikr aur Fikr ke Zariye Isme Jaagna MUSTAHAB hai.” [Miraat Sarha Misqaat p.341-342/4]

Scan Page:

Shab-e-Baraat Degar Aur Rato'n Ki Tarha Nahi. Isme Raat Jaagkar Ibadat Karna MUSTAHAB hai.

Shab-e-Baraat Degar Aur Rato’n Ki Tarha Nahi. Isme Raat Jaagkar Ibadat Karna MUSTAHAB hai.

B’aaz log apne ilm (?) ko  aqal per fauqiat dete hue kehte hai’ Allah Ta’ala Har Raat Ko Asmaane Dunya Par Nuz’ool Farmate Hai, lihaza ye Raat mai koi khas baat nahi. Aise logo’n se hum sawal karte hai ke fir Nabi Kareem Alaihis-Salat Was-Salam ne Kyu phir Is Raat ko Maks’oos taurper  Irshad farmaya? Jawab iska wahi hai jo Maulana Obaidullah Sahab ne farmaya ke ye Raat Degar Aur Rato’n Ki Tarha Nahi!

TEESRI SADI HIJRI ME AHLE MAKKAH KA SHAB-E-BARAAT ME IBADAT KARNA

Teesri Sadi Ke Mashhoor Muarrikh Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Ishaaq bin Abbas Faakihi Makki  (d. 275 Hijri) ne Apni Tareekh ki Kitab “Akhbaar-e-Makkah” mai ek  BAAB (heading) baandha hai:

“Ahle Makkah Ka Amal 15 Shaban Aur Unka Mujaheda Us Raat Me Uski Fazeelat Ki Wajeh Se”

Fir likhte hain:

“Aur Ahle Makka Zamana-e-Maazi se us din tak jab bhi pandhrawi (15) raat ati Shabaan ki tamam Mard aur Aurat Masjid (Haram) Jate, Phir Namaz padhte aur Taw’aaf karte aur sari Raat Ibadat karte (zinda rakhte) Subah tak tilawat karte Masjid-e-Haram mein. Yahan tak k pura Quran Mukammal karte aur Namaz padhte. Aur unme se Baaz us Raat 100 Rakat Namaz padhte is tarah ke har Rakaat me Alhamd ke baad Surah Ikhlaas 10 Martaba padhte, aur Zam-Zam ka paani lete aur us raat peete aur usse Ghusul karte …… is ke zarye is raat ki Barkat talash karte, aur is mamle me bohot si Ahadees marwi hain.” [Akhbaar-e-Makkah p.84/3]

Scan Page:

Teesri Sadi Hijri Mai Ahle Makkah Ka Amal 15 Shaban Ki Raat Ibadat

Teesri Sadi Hijri Mai Ahle Makkah Ka Amal 15 Shaban Ki Raat Ibadat

Mal’oom hua Salaf  Ye Raat Yuhi Na Gawa dete thay aur Na Koi Maks’oos Ibadat Kia karte thay balke  Is Raat  Jaag Kar Naf’l Ibadat Masgh’ool hote. Jo Nafs-parast log Khud ko “Salafi” kehte hai ya Apne Naam Ke saath “Salafi” laf’z  ka Istimal karte hai unki (Naam Nihaad) Salafiyat Aag Kyu Lag gayi?

KHULASAH: In Hawalajaat aur Tafseelaat se Wajeh hogaya ke “Shab-e-Baraat” ki Fazilaat sabit hai aur khud Ghairmuqallid Ulema Iske Qaeel hai aur Raat main jagne aur Ibadat karne ko Mustahab karar dete hai. Magar afs’os Aajke (Naam Nihaad) Ahle Hadees logo’n ka Aam Nuqt’a-Nazariya hogaya hai ke “Shab-e-Baraat” koi cheez nahi. Dua hai ke Allah Rabbul Izzat sachi Fahem aur achi Nazar ata farmaye aur har  Ek ko Qub’ool-e-Haq Ki Taufique ata farmaye. Aameen.

Note: 

Chunke mera ir’aada mukhstasar likne ka tha isliye Ahle-Zoq Hazraat zyda jaankari ke liye nichay diye gaye Kutoob wa Majmoon ko tafseel se zaroor padhle.

URDU

Book:

Shab-e-Bar’aat ki Haqeeqat

Ahkam-e-Shabaan O Shab-e-Baraat  Tahqeeq ke Ainey Main

Shab-e-Bar’aat Ke-Fazail-o-Ahkam

Article: 

Shab-e-Bar’aat Ki Haqeeqat 

ENGLISH

Book:

Shab-e-Barat – In the Light of Qur’an & Hadith

Article:

Sha’ban & 15th Night in a Nutshell

Virtue of the Night of 15th Shaba’an [Shab-e-Bar’aat]

What the Scholars have said about 15th Shaba’an [Shab-e-Bar’aat]

Tinyurl.com/raddgm

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Shab-e-Baraat and tagged , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

22 Responses to Shab-e-Baraat: Ek Mukhtasar Aadelana wa Tehqeeqi Jaiza

  1. Tarek says:

    The link of the 2 books you provided can not be downloaded. Please recheck or reupload the 2 books.
    1. Virtue of the Night of 15th Shaba’an [Shab-e-Bar’aat]
    2. What the Scholars have said about 15th Shaba’an [Shab-e- Bar’aat]

    • Al-Islam says:

      Assalamu’alaikum Warahmatullahhi Wabarakatuh

      Dear Brother, both were articles and not books. Links I have provided were the direct source of the articles. However now I edited the same to make it readily available for downloads.

      Also, download book: Shab-e-Barat – In the Light of Qur’an & Hadith. You will find same book under article titled “Sha’ban & 15th Night in a Nutshell” in http://www.central-mosque.com

      Jazak’Allah

  2. Tarek says:

    Jazakallah, i have another question please. You have written that Muarrikh Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Ishaaq bin Abbas Faakihi Makki (d. 275 Hijri) wrote a chapter in his Kitab of Tareekh, “Akhbaar-e-Makkah” named:
    “Ahle Makkah Ka Amal 15 Shaban Aur Unka Mujaheda Us Raat Me Uski Fazeelat Ki Wajeh Se”
    My question is that, is the kitab “Akhbaar E Makkah” reliable ? I have read some where that there are many matruk/fabricated writings in this kitab, is it true ? If true, then will you please explain that is this chapter is reliable ??
    One thing i want to remind you that, in this chapter there is a writing of 100 rakat salat, and the fixed number of rakat is not acceptable at all by ulama e deobond.

    • Al-Islam says:

      At first know the author:

      The general principle of acceptability a book and its contents depends upon the author of the book, his reliability. Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Ishaaq bin Abbas Faakihi Makki Rahimahullah is praised by others. Regarding him read from here:

      English:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Fakihi

      Arabic:
      http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF_%D8%A8%D9%86_%D8%A5%D8%B3%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%82_%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%81%D8%A7%D9%83%D9%87%D9%8A
      His Status:
      محمد بن إسحاق الفاكهي : صدوق حسن الحديث

      http://library.islamweb.net/hadith/RawyDetails.php?RawyID=53330

      Read more about him and his book:

      قال الفاسي ( العقد الثمين 1 / 411 ترجمة الفاكهي ) :
      . . . وكتابه في أخبار مكة : كتاب حسن جدا . . وفيه غنية عن كتاب الأزرقي . . . لأنه ذكر فيه أشياء كثيرة حسنة مفيدة جدا لم يذكرها الأزرقي . . . وإني لأعجب من إهمال الفضلاء لترجمته . . وشابهه في إهمال الترجمة الأزرقي صاحب أخبار مكة! ا . هـ .
      شفاء الغرام بأخبار البلد الحرام للفاسي ص 5
      ( توثيق نسبة الكتاب إلى مؤلفه )
      ثبتت نسبة كتاب أخبار مكة إلى الفاكهي رحمه الله ؛ وتبين ذلك بما يلي :
      1 – نسبه إليه جمهرة عظيمة من أهل العلم ، منهم : ابن النديم في الفهرست ( ص : 159 ) ، والذهبي في السير ( 19 ) ، والحاج خليفة في كشف الظنون ( 16 ) .
      2 – نقل عن الكتاب واستفاد منه جمع كبير من أهل العلم ، منهم : إبراهيم بن إسحاق الحربي في كتاب المناسك ( ص : 497 ) ، والعقيلي في الضعفاء الكبير ( 286 ) ، وابن عبد البر في الاستيعاب ( 198 ) ، ( 273 ) ، وأبو عبيد البكري في معجم ما استعجم ( 3 ) ، وياقوت الحموي في معجم البلدان ( 198 ، 302 ) ، ( 273 ، 389 ) ، وابن حجر في غير كتاب من كتبه ؛ منها : فتح الباري ( 172 ) ، ( 385 ) ، ( 6 ) ، ( 77 ) ، وتهذيب التهذيب ( 4 ) ، ( 7 ) ، ( 10 ) ، والإصابة ( 1 ) ، ( 28 ، 507 ) ، وتلخيص الحبير ( 2 ) ، ( 4 ) ، وتغليق التعليق ( 2 ) ، ( 3 / 69 ) ، والسيوطي في الجامع الصغير ( 174 ) ، وغيرهم كثير .
      http://www.madinahnet.com/books/%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%85%D9%83%D8%A9-%D9%84%D9%84%D9%81%D8%A7%D9%83%D9%87%D9%8A

      So the author and his work his reliable, no doubt. I am not aware about fabricated writing in this book. However, if there is anything matruk/fabricated writings in this, it cannot make whole writings unacceptable. Even famous Hadith books contained fabricated narrations. What whould you say about that book?

      Regarding chapter on 15 Shaban:

      He just pointed out what people of Makkah were doing on 15 night of Shaban. You can easily understand that people were aware about importance of this night.

      Secondly, Imam Ibn taimiyah said: “Many of the people of learning, and that of the majority of our companions and other than them is that it is a night of superior merit” [Iqtida’ al-sirat al-mustaqim (1369/1950 ed.) p. 302]. It is supportive evidence.

      Thirdly, Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Rahimahullah said “…Namaz padhte aur Taw’aaf karte aur sari Raat Ibadat karte (zinda rakhte) Subah tak tilawat karte Masjid-e-Haram mein. Yahan tak k pura Quran Mukammal karte aur Namaz padhte. Aur unme se Baaz us Raat 100 Rakat Namaz padhte is tarah ke har Rakaat me Alhamd ke baad Surah Ikhlaas 10 Martaba padhte…” means people were engaged themselves in different kind of Ibadah, nothing was fixed at all. You can do whatever easy for you. You can pray 2 Rakah or 200 Rakah, all depends up to you. Even you can sleep whole night if you wish so! No one have any authority to ask you to do some activities. Moreover Imam Ibn Taimiyah opined in above book “Some of its merits have been narrated in the books of hadith of the Musnad and Sunan types. This holds true even if other things have been forged concerning it.”

      • Tarek says:

        jazakallah, i think i have seen in the pic of the book you have provided above that isandu matruk, what is your sayings about it ?

  3. farhanbajrai says:

    JazakALlahu khairan kaseera

  4. farhanbajrai says:

    Brother Tarek can i Say something,
    Yeah the person who researched on that book has said the first Narration Matrook but also he said that the same hadith was narrated by Ibn e Majah and Ibne jauzi also. And Many books of Siha e Sitta contains Zaeef Narrations.

    And Matrook means “Jis rawi ka khaas taur par Hadees ke bayan karne me jhoot bolna sabit na ho lekin doosre Umoor me us par Jhoot bolne ki tohmat ho,”

    so in this the narration is supported by other Chains and most important thing is that the Admin didn’t use this narration in this article.

    Allahu Alam Bis sawaab

  5. farhanbajrai says:

    Ameen. Brother do u have any doubts yet?

  6. Tarek says:

    I have not seen any post about the number of taraweeh rakats. I hope i will see the post within taraweeh, I have some questions about taraweeh. I also sent an email to gm.xpose@gmail.com. Is this right process to make a question ?

    • Al-Islam says:

      Very soon Insha’Allah will post on Taraweeh. You may check English article on Taraweeh from here http://central-mosque.com/index.php/Taraweeh/detailed-account-of-taraweeh-prayers-8-or-20.html

      Yes you can send your questions to email ID. I got your questions. Only one thing I would like to clarify here that Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri (rah) pointed out a particular hadith and said Zaef because there is a Rawi name Ibrahim. This hadith is related to taraweeh of Nabi Alaihis-Salat Was-Salam is 20 rakah. But Allama Anwar Shah Kashmiri (rah.) accepted 20 rakah as this number of Rakah is from Hazrat Hazrat Umar (rez.) and accepted by whole Ummah. To know his correct point of view check Arfuz Shazi and Faizulbari. Generally ghairmuqallideen do one thing and that is copy-paste. They do not check original works of scholars neither they involve in research; instead they depend upon research of others for copy-paste. Moreover if they produce original book page, then we will answer accordingly Insha’Allah.

      • Tarek says:

        Jazakallah, but i think here is a problem, that is the general people do not read this kitabs of ulamas and they are also unavailble to them, here i live in bangladesh, the kitabs are in urdu and arabic, so the general people can not understand it. And the ahle hadith people take this chances, and they are publishing articles and articles, saying that these ulamas are saying 20 rakats is dayef by our ulamas, but i asked them to produce original book page, they were unable but they also challenged me that if you can, then you will prove ourselves wrong by producing original book page. I am not really think about ahle hadith, but i am conscious about the general people who do not go to madrasas, do not go ulamas, they are misunderstanding by these, they also told me to give the reply from original kitabs. If these are continue that, i tell the ahle hadith to produce original page, and they tell me same, and we will wait for them to show it first then where general people will go ?? That’s why i made that question to you, that i can answer the general people from the original kitabs. Moreover one of ahle hadith gave me arabic ibarats, but he did not scan it from the kitabs, but he said that these arabic ibarats are in the kitabs surely. Will i send you these ibarats ? I think you can understand my point.

      • Al-Islam says:

        1) Ask them to prove from original book:

        2) Ask them why they dont acting on this hadith authenticated by their own scholar?

        Tell them provide book pages like this, otherwise become Muqallid who created this document.

  7. Tarek says:

    I sent you 2 mails and 2 pdfs. Please check these.

  8. Tarek says:

    When will you post about the rakats of taraweeh ?

  9. azharuddin Dhawade says:

    Allah aapko jajae khair ata kare (ameen) aur aapke ilm me tarrake kare(ameen)

Comments are closed.