Ek Mukaalmah Rafaul-Yadain Per: Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaih) aur Imam Auza’i (Rahmatullahi Alaih) Ke Darmiyan

Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem (19-11-2014)

(I):.. Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) Ka Maslak Tark Rafayadain:

Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) ke Shaagird (Student) Imaam Muhammad (rahimahullah) farmaate hain: “Jab Aadmi Dauraan-e-Namaaz Jhukey aur Uthey to Uska TAKBEER kehna SUNNAT hai. Jab Sajdah ke liye Jhukey to Takbeer kahe, Namaz me Rafayaden ka Hukm ye hai ke Wo SHUROO’ NAMAZ me EK MARTABAH dono Haatho’n ko Apne Dono Kaano tak ke Barabar Uthaaye Phir ISKE BA’D NAMAZ ME KISI MAUQA’ PER BHI RAFAYADAIN NA KARE. Ye Sab Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahmatullahi alaih) Ka MASLAK hai aur Iske Muta’lliq BA-KASRAT AASAAR waarid hain.” [Muatta ba-rivaayat Imaam Muhammad; Baab: Iftitahus Salah; Tehat Raqam# 104]

ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻣُﺤَﻤَّﺪٌ : ﺍﻟﺴُّﻨَّﺔُ ﺃَﻥْ ﻳُﻜَﺒِّﺮَ ﺍﻟﺮَّﺟُﻞُ ﻓِﻲ ﺻَﻼﺗِﻪِ ﻛُﻠَّﻤَﺎ ﺧَﻔَﺾَ ﻭَﻛُﻠَّﻤَﺎ ﺭَﻓَﻊَ ، ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺍﻧْﺤَﻂَّ ﻟِﻠﺴُّﺠُﻮﺩِ ﻛَﺒَّﺮَ ، ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺍﻧْﺤَﻂَّ ﻟِﻠﺴُّﺠُﻮﺩِ ﺍﻟﺜَّﺎﻧِﻲ ﻛَﺒَّﺮَ . ﻓَﺄَﻣَّﺎ ﺭَﻓْﻊُ ﺍﻟْﻴَﺪَﻳْﻦِ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺼَّﻼﺓِ ﻓَﺈِﻧَّﻪُ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻊُ ﺍﻟْﻴَﺪَﻳْﻦِ ﺣَﺬْﻭَ ﺍﻷُﺫُﻧَﻴْﻦِ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﺑْﺘِﺪَﺍﺀِ ﺍﻟﺼَّﻼﺓِ ﻣَﺮَّﺓً ﻭَﺍﺣِﺪَﺓً ، ﺛُﻢَّ ﻻ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻊُ ﻓِﻲ ﺷَﻲْﺀٍ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﺼَّﻼﺓِ ﺑَﻌْﺪَ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ، ﻭَﻫَﺬَﺍ ﻛُﻠُّﻪُ ﻗَﻮْﻝُ ﺃَﺑِﻲ ﺣَﻨِﻴﻔَﺔَ ﺭَﺣِﻤَﻪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﺗَﻌَﺎﻟَﻰ ﻭَﻓِﻲ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺁﺛَﺎﺭٌ ﻛَﺜِﻴﺮَﺓٌ .

(II):.. Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) Ka Imaam Auza’i (rahimahullah) Se Munaazrah:

Sufyan bin Uyaynah (rahimahullah) farmaate hain ke: Abu Hanifah (rahimahullah) aur Auza’i (rahimahullah) Makkah me Gehoon ki Mandi me ek doosre se miley.

Auza’i (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Tum ko kya hua ke Tum Namaaz me Rukoo’ jaate Waqt aur Sar uthaate waqt Rafayadayn nahi Karte.?”

Abu Haneefah (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Is sabab se ke Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) se is baare me koi Saheeh Hadees Saabit Nahi.”

Auza’i (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Saheeh Hadees kyon Nahi hai aur albattah Hadees bayaan ki..
Mujhse Zuhri ne – Unhoney Saalim (rahmatullahi alaihim) se – Unhoney apne Waalid Abdullah bin Umar (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) se – Unhoney Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) se ke Aap (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) shuroo’ Namaaz me Rafayadayn karte aur Rukoo’ jaate waqt aur Rukoo’ se uthtey waqt.”

Abu Haneefah (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Mujh se Hadees bayaan ki.. Hamaad ne – Unsey Ibraheem Naqa’i ne – Unsey Alqamah ne aur Aswad (rahmatullahi alaihim) ne – Unsey Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ne Ke Aap (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) jab Namaz shuroo’ karte to Rafayadayn karte dobarah Rafayadayn na karte the.”

Auza’i (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Maine Tum se Hadees bayaan ki Zuhri – Saalim – Abdullah bin Umar (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ke waaste se aur Tum bayaan karte ho Hammaad – Ibraheem ke Waaste se.?

Abu Haneefah (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: Hammaad (rahimahullah) Zuhri (rahimahullah) se Zyada Faqeeh hain Aur Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) Saalim (rahimahullah) se Zyada aur Alqamah (rahimahullah) Hazrat Ibn Umar (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) se Kuch kam nahi agarchah Ibn Umar (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) Ko Sharf-e- Sohbat Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) haasil hai aur Aswad (rahimahullah) ko bohat Kuch Fazeelat haasil hai aur phir Abdullah bin Masood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) to Abdullah bin Masood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) hain.

Pas Auza’i (rahimahullah) Khamosh ho gaye.

[Musnad Imaam Al-A’zam Abu Haneefah (rahimahullah), Kitabus Salaah, Mutarjam: Maulana Zafar Iqbal, Safhah: 193-194, Raqam#97]

Note: Hadees ko Sahih wa Za’eef Fuqaha’ ke amal ki bunyaad per kaha gaya hai.

Scan: Musnad Abi Hanifa (Arabic)

Musnad Abi Hanifa, Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, p.144.

Musnad Abi Hanifa, Dar Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, p.144.

Scan: Musnad Abi Hanifa (Urdu)

Musnad Imam Al-Aazam Abu Haneefah (rah.) Mutarjam - Kitabus Salaah, Mutarjam Zafar Iqbal, Page 193-194 Raqam#97

Musnad Imam Al-Aazam Abu Haneefah (rah.) Mutarjam – Kitabus Salaah, Mutarjam Zafar Iqbal, Page 193-194 Raqam#97

SHUWAHIDAAT:
(I):.. Sanad (Chain): Hannad bin As-Saree’ »» Wakee’ bin Al-Jarrah »» Sufyan As-Sauri »» Aasim bin Kulaib »» Abdur Rahman bin Al-Aswad »» Alqamah (rahmatullahi alaihim) »» Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu)

Matn (Text): Hazrat Alqamah (rahimahullah) kehte hain ke, Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ne farmaaya: “Kya Main Tumhei’n Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) waali Namaaz Na Parhaon.? Phir Namaaz Parhi aur Rafayadain Na kiya sivaaye Ek Martabah Shuroo’ Namaaz me (Ya’ni TAKBEER-E-TEHREEMAH ke waqt).”

ﺣَﺪَّﺛَﻨَﺎ ﻫَﻨَّﺎﺩٌ ﺣَﺪَّﺛَﻨَﺎ ﻭَﻛِﻴﻊٌ ﻋَﻦْ ﺳُﻔْﻴَﺎﻥَ ﻋَﻦْ ﻋَﺎﺻِﻢِ ﺑْﻦِ ﻛُﻠَﻴْﺐٍ ﻋَﻦْ ﻋَﺒْﺪِ ﺍﻟﺮَّﺣْﻤَﻦِ ﺑْﻦِ ﺍﻟْﺄَﺳْﻮَﺩِ ﻋَﻦْ ﻋَﻠْﻘَﻤَﺔَ ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻋَﺒْﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺑْﻦُ ﻣَﺴْﻌُﻮﺩٍ ﺃَﻟَﺎ ﺃُﺻَﻠِّﻲ ﺑِﻜُﻢْ ﺻَﻠَﺎﺓَ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻝِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺻَﻠَّﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪِ ﻭَﺳَﻠَّﻢَ ﻓَﺼَﻠَّﻰ ﻓَﻠَﻢْ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻊْ ﻳَﺪَﻳْﻪِ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺃَﻭَّﻝِ ﻣَﺮَّﺓٍ .

Imaam Tirmizi (rahmatullahi alaih) farmaate hain:

ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻭَﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟْﺒَﺎﺏ ﻋَﻦْ ﺍﻟْﺒَﺮَﺍﺀِ ﺑْﻦِ ﻋَﺎﺯِﺏٍ ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﺃَﺑُﻮ ﻋِﻴﺴَﻰ ﺣَﺪِﻳﺚُ ﺍﺑْﻦِ ﻣَﺴْﻌُﻮﺩٍ ﺣَﺪِﻳﺚٌ ﺣَﺴَﻦٌ ﻭَﺑِﻪِ ﻳَﻘُﻮﻝُ ﻏَﻴْﺮُ ﻭَﺍﺣِﺪٍ ﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﻫْﻞِ ﺍﻟْﻌِﻠْﻢِ ﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﺻْﺤَﺎﺏِ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲِّ ﺻَﻠَّﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪِ ﻭَﺳَﻠَّﻢَ ﻭَﺍﻟﺘَّﺎﺑِﻌِﻴﻦَ ﻭَﻫُﻮَ ﻗَﻮْﻝُ ﺳُﻔْﻴَﺎﻥَ ﺍﻟﺜَّﻮْﺭِﻱِّ ﻭَﺃَﻫْﻞِ ﺍﻟْﻜُﻮﻓَﺔِ .

Is BAAB me Baraa’ bin Aazib (raziallahu anhu) se bhi rivaayat hai. Hadees Ibn-e-Mas’ood (raziallahu anhu) HASAN hai aur Sahaaba (raziallahu anhum) wa Taaba’een (rahmatullahi alaihim) me se Be-Shumaar Ahl-e-Ilm Yehi kehte hain aur Yehi Qoul Sufyan Sauri (rahimahullah) aur Ahl-e-Koofah ka hai. [Tirmizi, Kitaab: As-Salaah]

Note: Tirmizi ke ba’z Nuskho’n me HASAN SAHIH likha hua hai.

Is Hadees ke Kul Saat (7) Raavi hain aur Saare ke Saare SAHIH MUSLIM ke aala darjah ke Siqah Raavi hain.

Ghair-Muqallid Nasiruddin Albani Sahab likhte hain:

ﻭﺍﻟﺤﻖ ﺍﻧﻪ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﺳﻨﺎﺩﻩ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻁ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﻟﻢ ﻧﺠﺪ ﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﻋﻠﻪ ﺣﺠﺔ ﻳﺼﻠﺢ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻬﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺟﻠﻬﺎ

“Haqq baat Ye hai ke Ye Hadees SAHEEH hai aur Is ki Sanad, MUSLIM ki Shart per SAHEEH hai aur Jin Logo’n ne Is Hadees ko MA’LOOL (Za’eef) qaraar diya hai Humei’n Un ki Koi aisi Daleel Nahi mili Jis se Istedlaal SAHEEH ho aur Us ki wajah se HADEES ko Radd (Reject) kiya Ja sake…..” [Mishkaat Ba-Tehqeeq Albani, Jild: 1/ Safhah: 254]

(II):.. Sanad (Chain): Wakee’ bin Al-Jarrah »» Mis’ar »» Abi Ma’shar »» Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahmatullahi alaihim) »» Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu)

Matn (Text): Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) se rivaayat hai ke “Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) Jab Namaaz shuroo’ karte to Rafayadayn karte the, Phir dobaarah Rafayadayn nahi karte the.” [Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah]

ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻭﻛﻴﻊ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻣﻌﺸﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﻓﻊ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﻔﺘﺢ ﺛﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺮﻓﻌﻬﻤﺎ .

Ye Hadees Mursal Sahih hai. Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah), Ibn Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ke Shaagirdo’n ke Shaagird hain. Aur aap ki Ye aadat thi ke Jab Aap Ibn Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) se marwi Koi Hadees Kayi Raaviyo’n se suni hoti to IRSAAL karte Ya’ni Kisi Raavi ka naam liye baghair rivaayat karte.

Chunanchah Ibn Abdul Barr (rahimahullah) ne ba-sanad naqal kiya hai:

ﻋﻦ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺶ ، ﻗَﺎﻝَ : ﻗﻠﺖ ﻹﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ : ﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﺪﺛﺘﻨﻲ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ﻓﺄﺳﻨﺪﻩ .
ﻓﻘﺎﻝ : ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ، ﻳﻌﻨﻲ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﻌﻮﺩ ، ﻓﺎﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ، ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺳﻤﻴﺖ ﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ، ﻓﻬﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﻤﻴﺖ .

“Suleiman A’mash (rahimahullah) ne Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) se kaha: Jab Hadees bayaan karei’n to Us ki Sanad bhi bata diya karei’n.
To farmaaya: Jab Main ‘an Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) se bayaan karoon to Wo GHAIR-WAAHID (Ya’ni Kayi Logo’n se suni) hoti hai aur Jab Maine Kisi Ek se suni hoti hai to phir usi se suni hoti hai.” [At-Tam’heed Li Ibn Abdul Barr (rahimahullah)]

Is se saabit hua ke Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) ki Mursal rivaayat Un ki Musnad rivaayat se bhi ZYADAH MAZBOOT hoti hai.

(III):.. Sanad (Chain): Muhammad »» Ya’qoob bin Ibraheem »» Hussain bin Abdur Rahman (rahmatullahi alaihim)

Matn (Text): Hazrat Hussain bin Abdur Rahman se rivaayat hai: Aap ne farmaaya ke Main aur Hazrat Amr bin Murrah (raziallahu anhu), Hazrat Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahmatullahi alaih) ke paas aaye. Hazrat Amr (raziallahu anhu) ne farmaaya ke mujhe Alqamah bin Wa’il (rahmatullahi alaih) ne Apne waalid (Wa’il bin Hujar (raziallahu anhu) se rivaayat kar ke bataaya hai ke Unhoney Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ke saath Namaaz parhi to dekha ke Jab Aap Takbeer-e-Tehreemah kehte, Rukoo’ karte aur rukoo’ se Sar uthaatey to Rafa’yadain farmaate the. Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) ne farmaaya: “Main Aisa Khiyaal nahi karta, Shaayad Unhoney Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ko Usi 1 din namaaz parhte dekha ho (aisa nahi ho sakta ke) Un ko to Yaad reh gaya ho aur Ibn-e-Mas’ood (raziallahu anhu) aur Aap ke Saathi bhool gaye ho. Maine is ke muta’lliq (Ya’ni Rafayadayn ke) 1 se bhi nahi suna aur sab sirf Namaaz ki Ibtida’ me TAKBEER kehte hue Rafayadayn karte the.” [Muatta ba-rivayat Imaam Muhammad (rahimahullah) H#107]

ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻣُﺤَﻤَّﺪٌ , ﺃَﺧْﺒَﺮَﻧَﺎ ﻳَﻌْﻘُﻮﺏُ ﺑْﻦُ ﺇِﺑْﺮَﺍﻫِﻴﻢَ ، ﺃَﺧْﺒَﺮَﻧَﺎ ﺣُﺼَﻴْﻦُ ﺑْﻦُ ﻋَﺒْﺪِ ﺍﻟﺮَّﺣْﻤَﻦِ ، ﻗَﺎﻝَ : ﺩَﺧَﻠْﺖُ ﺃَﻧَﺎ ﻭَﻋَﻤْﺮُﻭ ﺑْﻦُ ﻣُﺮَّﺓَ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺇِﺑْﺮَﺍﻫِﻴﻢَ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺨَﻌِﻲِّ ، ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻋَﻤْﺮُﻭ , ﺣَﺪَّﺛَﻨِﻲ ﻋَﻠْﻘَﻤَﺔُ ﺑْﻦُ ﻭَﺍﺋِﻞٍ ﺍﻟْﺤَﻀْﺮَﻣِﻲُّ ، ﻋَﻦْ ﺃَﺑِﻴﻪِ ، ” ﺃَﻧَّﻪُ ﺻَﻠَّﻰ ﻣَﻊَ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻝِ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ، ﻓَﺮَﺁﻩُ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻊُ ﻳَﺪَﻳْﻪِ ﺇِﺫَﺍ ﻛَﺒَّﺮَ ، ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺭَﻛَﻊَ ، ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺭَﻓَﻊَ ” ، ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﺇِﺑْﺮَﺍﻫِﻴﻢُ : ﻣَﺎ ﺃَﺩْﺭِﻱ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻪُ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺮَ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲّ ﺻَﻠَّﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻪِ ﻭَﺳَﻠَّﻢَ ﻳُﺼَﻠِّﻲ ﺇِﻻ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺍﻟْﻴَﻮْﻡَ ﻓَﺤَﻔِﻆَ ﻫَﺬَﺍ ﻣِﻨْﻪُ ، ﻭَﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺤْﻔَﻈْﻪُ ﺍﺑْﻦُ ﻣَﺴْﻌُﻮﺩٍ ﻭَﺃَﺻْﺤَﺎﺑُﻪُ ﻣَﺎ ﺳَﻤِﻌْﺘُﻪُ ﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﺣَﺪٍ ﻣِﻨْﻬُﻢْ ، ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻛَﺎﻧُﻮﺍ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻌُﻮﻥَ ﺃَﻳْﺪِﻳَﻬُﻢْ ﻓِﻲ ﺑَﺪْﺀِ ﺍﻟﺼَّﻼﺓِ ﺣِﻴﻦَ ﻳُﻜَﺒِّﺮُﻭﻥَ .

Is hadees se ma’loom hua ke Ibraheem Naqa’i (rahimahullah) Ibn-e-Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ke As’haab ka Maslak ba-khoobi jaante the aur unhi ke zarye un ko Ibn-e-Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ke Maslak ka ilm hua.

(IV):.. Sanad (Chain): Ibn Abi Dawood »» Ahmad bin Yunus »» Abu Bakar bin Ayaash »» Hussain »» Mujahid (rahmatullahi alaihim)

Matn (Text): Mujahid (rahimahullah) farmaate hain ke, “Maine Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (raziallahu anhu) ke Peeche Namaaz parhi, Aap ne Is me Kahi’n bhi Rafa-Yadain Nahi Kiya Sivaaye TAKBEER-E-OOLAA (TEHREEMAH) ke, Namaaz me.” [Sharah Mu’anil Aasaar, Kitab: As-Salaah, Baab: At-Takbeer, Jild: 1/ Safhah: 225]

حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي دَاوُد قَالَ : ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ قَالَ : ثنا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ ، عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ قَالَ : صَلَّيْت خَلْفَ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا فَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ إلَّا فِي التَّكْبِيرَةِ الْأُولَى مِنْ الصَّلَاةِ .

Ye Asar bhi bilkul Sahih hai. Is ke Tamaam Raavi Siqah Aadil hain.

Imaam Tahaavi (rahimahullah) Is Hadees ke tehat likhte hain: “Ye Ibn-e-Umar (raziallahu anhu) hain Jinhoney Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ko Rafayadain karte dekha Phir Khud Unhoney Aap (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ke ba’d TARK kiya to Iska Sabab Yehi hai ke Unke Nazdeek Is Rafa’ ka NASKH saabit ho chuka tha.
Agar Koi Shakhs kahe ke Ye Hadees MUNKAR hai to Usey Jawaab me kaha Jaayega, Is per Kya Daleel hai Tum (Ya’ni Mukhalifeen) Is tak Nahi Pohanch sake.?” [Sharah Mu’anil Aasaar 1/225]

(V):.. Sanad (Chain): Muhammad »» Muhammad bin Aabaan bin Saaleh »» Abdul Azeez bin Hakeem (rahmatullahi alaihim)

Matn (Text): Abdul Azeez bin Hakeem (rahimahullah) farmaate hain: “Maine Ibn-e-Umar (raziallahu anhu) ko Namaz ki Ibtida’ me Takbeer-e-Oola kehte waqt Apne Dono Kaano ke baraabar Rafayadayn karte dekha. Iske alawah (Namaz me) Kisi aur Jagah Rafayadain karte Nahi dekha.” [Muatta Imam Muhammad, Raqam# 108]

ﻗَﺎﻝَ ﻣُﺤَﻤَّﺪٌ , ﺃَﺧْﺒَﺮَﻧَﺎ ﻣُﺤَﻤَّﺪُ ﺑْﻦُ ﺃَﺑَﺎﻥَ ﺑْﻦِ ﺻَﺎﻟِﺢٍ ، ﻋَﻦْ ﻋَﺒْﺪِ ﺍﻟْﻌَﺰِﻳﺰِ ﺑْﻦِ ﺣَﻜِﻴﻢٍ ، ﻗَﺎﻝَ : ” ﺭَﺃَﻳْﺖُ ﺍﺑْﻦَ ﻋُﻤَﺮَ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻊُ ﻳَﺪَﻳْﻪِ ﺣِﺬَﺍﺀَ ﺃُﺫُﻧَﻴْﻪِ ﻓِﻲ ﺃَﻭَّﻝِ ﺗَﻜْﺒِﻴﺮَﺓِ ﺍﻓْﺘِﺘَﺎﺡِ ﺍﻟﺼَّﻼﺓِ ، ﻭَﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺮْﻓَﻌْﻬُﻤَﺎ ﻓِﻴﻤَﺎ ﺳِﻮَﻯ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ”

Ye Asar HASAN darjah ka hai. Ibn Umar (raziallahu ta’ala anhu) ne Rafayadayn Tark kar diya hai to is ka Yehi matlab hai ke Un ko Naskh ki Daleel ba’d me pohanch chuki thi.

In ke alaawah aur bhi bohat si Shwaahidaat maujood hain Jo NASKH RAFA’ ke Pahloo ko RAAJEH bana deti hain. Magar Rukoo’ se Pehle aur Ba’d me Rafayadayn ke BAQA’ per Ek bhi SAHIH SAREEH HADEES maujood nahi hai.

Min-Jaanib: Sameer Mughal

Tinyurl.com/raddgm

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9 Responses to Ek Mukaalmah Rafaul-Yadain Per: Imam Abu Hanifah (Rahmatullahi Alaih) aur Imam Auza’i (Rahmatullahi Alaih) Ke Darmiyan

  1. mohtashims says:

    Abu Hanifah (rah.): “Is sabab se ke Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) se is baare me koi Saheeh Hadees Saabit Nahi.” – Ek baar dobara Arabic alfaz check karien ki kya unhoney wakaii yeh kaha ?

    • Al-Islam says:

      Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

      Assalamu’alaikum Warahmatullahhi Wabarakatuh

      Asal Jawab dene se pehle hum aap se guzarish karenge aap ek baar Chand Zaroori Umoor Aur Amal Bil Hadees Ke Chand Usool padhle. Hum yaha mukhtasar taur per jawab likhte hai.

      Ek Muhaddis jis nazariye se Hadees ki sehat per hukum lagate hai, EK Faqih zaroori nahi usi nazariye se hadees ko dekhen. Fuqha ka nazariya mukhtalif aur waseehtar hota hai. Yaha Ummat ke do bade Fuqha ke darmiyan baat-chit ho rahi hai aur wo ek-dusre ki baat apne zuban (terminology) main khoob samjhte hai jis tarha ek doctor dusre doctor ki zuban samjhta hai. Aur Imam Awza’i (Rahmatullahi Alaih) apne waqt ke bohut bade Aalim guzre hai jaise Imam-e-Azam (Rahmatullahi Alaih) thay.

      Aiyye ab asal jawab ki taraf:

      Ye Arabic alfaz “Lam Yasihhu an Rasoolullah(sallallahu alaihi wasallam)” ka Tarjumah hai…

      Hadees ki Sihat ka faislah sirf Sanad per nahi kiya jata.

      Balke Hadees ki Sihat wa Zu’af ki 2 Qismein hain:

      (i) Sihat wa Zu’af Ba-Hasb As-Sanad
      (ii) Sihat wa Zu’af Ba-Hasb Al-Amal

      Is doosri Qism ka matlab Ye hai ke Jo Hadees Ma’mool biha (Jis per Ahl-e-Ilm ka amal) hai wo Saheeh hai aur Jo Hadees Matrook wa Ghair-Ma’mool biha hai Wo Za’eef hai.

      Isi ma’ne me Imam Abu Haneefah (rah.) ne Imam Auza’i (rah.) ke sath RafaulYadain ke is MUKALMAH me Abdullah bin Umar (raz.) ki Hadees ko ZA’EEF kaha hai Jab ke Uski SANAD Bilkul SAHEEH hai.

      Aur Ye sab jaante hain ke Ahl-e-Koofah Jo 1500 Sahaba (raz.) Ki Chhaauni tha waha per maujood Tamam Ahl-e-Ilm ka Mazhab Tark Rafaul-Yadain ka tha.

      Is jawab ki wizahat ap ko Chand Zaroori Umoor Aur Amal Bil Hadees Ke Usool me mil Jaayegi… wo Aap yaha dekh sakte hain.

      • azhar says:

        to phir aap ye bataye ke hme namaz m ek k elawa aur
        rafa yadain krni chahye ya nhi??

      • Al-Islam says:

        Aam Namazo me (Farz, Sunnat, Nafl, Ishraq, Chasht waghera me) Sirf Takbeer-e-Tehreemah ke waqt Rafaedayn karna Sunnat hai aur khwaas namazein jaise Witr wa Eidein ko Zaayed Takbeeraat wa Rafaedayn ke sath Namaz parhna Sunnat hai.

        Agar koi ye kahe ke Rukoo se pehle aur baad me Rafaedayn karne ka hukm Khaas hai to us se kaha jaaye ke phir Sajdo ke darmyan, Har oonch neech per rafaedayn karne ka hukm bhi khaas ho jayga. Magar isko to wo log khaas nhi batate. Ye sab fareibiyo ki Fareibkaari hai. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) ki ek Sunnat ko Doosri sunnat ke muqabil me la kar Shaheed kar dete hain.
        Jab ke har oonch neech per rafaedayn karna bhi sunnat hai lekin ahista ahista ye mansooq ho chuka aur sirf pehli takbeer ke waqt baaqi raha.. Aise mauqaf ko apnane se kisi hadees ka inkar lazim nahi aata…

        Yaad rahe Aam Namazo me Namaz ke shuru wali rafadain per Ummat ka Ijma hai (Ijma’i Rafadain). Isis tarha Aam Namazo mai baki jageh ki rafadain per Ikhtilaaf hai (Ikhtilaafi rafadain). Aap Ahadees ki kutoob ka muta’la kare aapko khud samajh ayega.

        Majeed jankari ke liye is site ka bhi mutala kar sakte hai:

        Link: Ulmeama-e-Haq Ulma-e-Deoband

  2. azhar says:

    pr aj hi mene saheeh muslim (kitaab namaz ke masayle, Baab no. 9, Hadees no. 871ke urdu tarjuma saheeh muslin(urdu) nam ki ek apps jisse main ne android market se download kiya tha or jiske developer as-sirat ya zoxcell or email: support@zoxcell.com hai)
    Main prha hai ki
    “Bin Umar (r.a.) ka bayan hai ki rasool akram (s.a.w) jab namaz parhte to apne mundh-hon tak apne hath uthate aur issi tarha ruku main jate vaqt aur ruku se sar uthate vaqt apne dono hath uthate the aur sajjdah ke darmiyan main rafaulyadain nahi krte the ”
    or issi tarha hadees no.875 main bhi bayan hai jo “bin hurais (r.a)” se marvi hai
    isse to yahi zahir hota hai ki ye sahi h lekin main davbandi hu or hum log esa nhi krte hain isse to yaha yahi zahir hota h ki ham log hadees k khilaf krte hain
    or nahi h to baraye meharbani koi vjah bta dijye k main mutmain hojaun

    • Al-Islam says:

      Mere oper ke comment ko aapne samjha nahi aur shayad isiliye aapne ye sawal kia. Mai jawab yaha tafseel se likh raha hu:

      (1) DEEN KE MUA’MLA MAI ITNI BE-AHTIATI KYU?

      Bhai internet per medical field ki bhi kafi kitabein mojood hai, uhe bhi padhiye aur ghar ke logo ka ilaaz shuru kardizye, operation ki zaroorat pade to wahi kitab samne rakhkar chir-phaadh shuru kardijye. Kyu ke Zidd ka koi ilaaz nahi. Isi tarha Waqalat, Engineering, CA,CS, ICWA ki book aapko net per miljayegi. Padhiye aur Maharaat haseel kijye. Ajeeb baat hai Dunyawi ilm mai kamalat aur maharat haseel karne ke liye log 15-20 saal study karte hai aur ek Allah ka Deen rehgaya jisse sirf Kitabo’n ke study ke zariye samjhkar Amal karne ki kosish ki za’rahi hai. Masha’Allah Muhaddiseen ne Hadees apni itab mai jaha layi hai aur wahi unhone ne Usool Hadees per kafi kitabein likhi hai, uski taraf q logo ki nazar nahi jati? Mai Hadees ki Kutoob ke mutala se mana nahi kar raha hu balke ye mutala zaroori hai lekin usse Usool ke saath aur mahir ke nigrani mai padhe. Mai khud Humesha apne dosto ko Quran Ki Tafseer aur Ahadees ki Sharha padhne ko kehta hu. Aap jis hadees ki baat kar rahe hai uss Hadees ke silsile se ye kehna padega ke Doctor kaha jaye aap Medicine ka naam likhdijye magar Dose hum apne hisab se lenge.Kia ye baat aqal ko samati hai bhala? Aap Hazrat Ibn Umar (raz.) ki Hadees ke silsile se yaha se zaroor tafseel se . Click here.

      (2) IKHTILAFI AUR IJMA’I RAFADAIN:

      Ikhtilaafi rafadain Sahaba ke zamane se Ikhtilaaf ke saath chala araha hai. Aur Hum sirf us rafadain ke qahel hai jisme sabka ittefaq hai yani Rafa Awwal jo namaz ke shuru mai ki jati hai. Humare Ikhtilaafi rafadain na karne ki wajeh se aapke hisab se ye zahir hota ke hum log hadees k khilaf karte hain. To sahaba ko aap kia kahenge? Hume to Hadees unhi ke zariye mili. Bhai aap ko shayd maloom nahi Sirf Namaz ke Shuru wali rafadain karne per pore Ummat ka Ittefaq hai. Kia un Ahadees ko chorne per un Ahadees ke khilaaf amal nahi kaha jayega? Aap Ek Hadees per ghaur kare ke Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Masood (raz.) sirf Zubani Hadees nahi riwayat ki, balke khud Amal karke dikhlaya ke Rasool Kareem Alaihis-Salat Was-Salam ne Sirf Namaz ke shuru mai rafadain kia aur baki jagah nahi. Aap is Hadees ko oper tareekhi Riwayat main padhchuke hai aur oper wale link per mazeed tafseel bhi mojood hai. Is site per bhi maine is Hadees ka Zikr kia hai. Fir se likhta hu:

      Hazrat Alqamah (rah.) kehte hain ke, Abdullah bin Mas’ood (raziallahu ta’la anhu) ne farmaya: “Kya Main Tumhein Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) waali Namaz Na Parhaon.? Phir Namaz Parhi aur Rafaul-Yadain Na kiya Magar Ek Martabah Shuroo’ Namaz me (Ya’ni TAKBEER-E-TEHREEMAH ke waqt).” [Tirmizi–Kitab: As-Salaah]

      Ye Hadees Sahih hai aur iske har rawi Muslim Shareef ke rawi hai. Kia Is Hades per Amal karna Hadees ke khilaaf hogaya?

      Sheikh Asif Ahmad (Damat Barakatuhum) “Sunnat-e-Rasool-us-Saqlain (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) fi Tark-e-Rafa-ul-Yadain” kitab mai 300 se zayed riwayat Sirf Namaz ki Shuroo’ me Takbeer-e-Tehreemah ke waqt Rafaul-Yadain karne ki naqal ki hai. Aap Is Kitab ko yaha se download kar sakte hai: Sunnat-e-Rasool-us-Saqlain

      Mazeed Dekhye: Sirf Namaz Ke shuru mai Rafadain Sahih Bukhari Se.

      (3) SIRF CHAR JAGAH HE RAFADAIN KYU?

      Agar iske baad bhi aap Ikhtilaaf rafadain karna chate hai to pehle Arab ke Maroof Muqeeq wa Muhadees Shiekh Nasiruddin Albani jinko Naam Niahad Ahle Hadees Hazrat bar bar quote karte hai unki tehqqeeq per bhi ek Nazar dalna chaiye. Wo Sajde ke darmiyan Rafadain ko Sahih sanad se sabit karte hai

      Namaz Nabiwi (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) Page:131

      Isi tarha Har Ounch-Neech per aur har Takbeer ke waqt rafadain sabit karte hai

      Namaz Nabiwi (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) Page:142

      To Janab aapka kia khayal hai ab? isper toh Naam Nihaad Ahle Hadees ka amal nahi!

      (4) AFZAL-GHA’ER AFZAL KA FARQ:

      Ye baat sabko maloom hai Islam mai bohut si cheez’on ke Hukum ke silsile se ahista ahista kafi tabdeel ayi hai. Shuru zamane mai Namaz mai harqat bohut thi. Yaha tak ke log apas mai log Kalam-Salam bhi kia karte thay. Fir baad mai ye mana hogaya. Isi tarha sari rafdain mansook hogaya yani wo Sunnat ke darje main baki na raha siwaye Rafa Awwal ke jo sab ke nazdeek zaroori hai. Yaad rahe Ikhtilaafi Rafadain ke beghair Namaz hojati hai. Iske karne na karne per Namaz ki Sehat mai koi farq nahi padhta, ye Afzal aur ghair-afzal ka farq hai. Humare Nazdeek Na-karna afzal hai. Agar koi karle to namaz hojayegi. Khud Firqa Ahle Hadees ke Maroof Murabbi Aalim Shiekh Safi-ur-Rehman Mubarakpuri Sahab likhte hai “Isi tarha Rafadain Karne ke barain main Sirf Ye Ikhtilaaf hai Ke Afzal kia hai. Koi shaksh (tehqeeq karne ke baad) Rafadain ke saath
      Namaz padhe ya Beghair Rafadain ke, Namaz sabke Nazdeek SAHIH Hogi. [Inkar-e-Hadees-Haq ya Batil, p.92]

      (5) AHLE DEOBAND KAUN?

      Aapne kaha aap Deobandi hai. Ye Deobandi kia hota hai Bhai? Aapko kaise maloom hua aap deobandi ho? Shayad aapne kabhi maloom karne ki kosish nahi ki warna Hadees ke khillaf Amal ki baat nahi karte. Ilmi aitbar se aur Ahle Sunnat Wal jamat ke Muhaqeeq Ulema se khud ka rishta jode rakhne ke liye log khud ko Barsagheer ke Maroof Islamic University Darul uloom Deoband ki taraf mansoob karte hai. Shaykul Islam Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani Sahab 1980 mai Darul uloom Deoband ka daura ke darmiyan is azeem idare ko in sunehre alfaaz se yaad kia tha:

      “Darul Uloom Deoband kisi mutassib firqe ka naam nahin hai, na ye koi siyasi jamaat hai,na koi aisa groh ya jathha hai jo har haq o nahaq mein ek dusre ka sath dene ke liye qayam kiya gaya ho, aur na ye koi bahas wa munazrah ki koi team hai jo sirf kisi khas firqe ki tardeed ke Marooz mein Wajood mein ayee ho. Balki darhaqeeqat darul uloom quran o sunnat ke us tabeer ka naam hai jo sahaba Ikram, tabaeen azam aur aslaf-e-ummat ke zariye hum tak pahunchi hai.” [Jahan-e-Deedaha, p.511]

      Umeed hai ab aapko baat samajh agayi hogi. Dua ki Darkhwast hai.

    • Mohtashim says:

      Bhai Azhar, Aap kis shaher key hain ? aur aap ka contact number mil sakta hai taaki hum iss topic par discuss kar sakien

  3. azhar says:

    arre main delhi main rehta hu
    asal main mai in sab masayle k bare m kuch khas nhi janta
    pr main Jamia millia islamia school se parha hu
    is lye bhut kuch janta bhi hun islam k bare main
    or vese bhi main ne 11 aur 12th main islamic studies alag se parhi h is lye bas aap (s.a.w) ki zindagi, khikafate rashida, khilafate umayyah, khilafate abbasya k bare m janta. hu
    or hadees,fiqah k bare main thura bohut ya sirf unki tarif or kuch kitaabon k nam k ilava kch mene alag se prha jese salahuddin ayubi, tariq bin zyad vagaira bas itna kch hi janta. par ab thura bohut hadees or in sab islami masayle k bare m janne ki zarurat mehsus karta hu kyu k mere aas pas k mahool main bohut se gair muqallid log rehte hain or ye log khud ko bohut shi sabit karne ki koshish karte hain or bat bat par saudi ki misal dete hain
    or davbandi ke bare main kuch khas nhi janta bas itna janta hu k main davbandi hu
    or mene khas koshish bhi nhi janne ki par ab janna chahta hu, aap hi bata dain kuch…

    • Al-Islam says:

      Jo aap janna chate thay wo maine bata diya aur kafi detial dia hai jo aap ek din main padhkar samh nahi sakte. Thoda time lekar study karo samajh ajayega. Aaki agar aapko zyda jaankari chaiye to mera ek dost Delhi ke Okhla ilake mai rehta hai. Wo pehle Communist aur fir Ghairmuqallidiyat se mutassir tha aur ab Ahle Sunnat Ulema-e-Deoband se wabasta hai. Aap apna contact number mujhe e-mail kardo, mai unhe bhejdunga. Fir aap milkar apna sawal ka jawab unse hasil karlena.

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